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How to Handle the Syntax Error in Javascript

How to Handle the Syntax Error in Javascript
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The Javascript SyntaxError occurs when trying to interpret code that is not syntactically valid. It is thrown when the Javascript engine comes across tokens or token order that does not conform to Javascript syntax when parsing code.

 

What Causes Javascript SyntaxError

The Javascript SyntaxError is caused by the incorrect use of a pre-defined syntax. Syntax errors are detected while interpreting or parsing source code.

For example, a SyntaxError can occur if a closing brace (}) is left off when defining a Javascript function. Browser development tools such as Chrome DevTools display Javascript syntax errors in the console.

 

SyntaxError Example

Here’s an example of a Javascript SyntaxError thrown when missing a closing quotation mark (") in a line of code:

console.log("Hello World);

Since the above line of code has a missing closing quote, running it throws a SyntaxError:

Uncaught SyntaxError: Invalid or unexpected token

 

How to Handle SyntaxError

Syntax errors in Javascript cannot be handled by using try-catch blocks as they are thrown while the code is being parsed. The window.onerror() function can be used instead to figure out that there is a syntax error.

To achieve this, the onerror function must be defined in a separate script tag and not in the tag where the error may occur.

The earlier code can be updated to use window.onerror():

<script>
  window.onerror = function(e) {
    console.log("Error: ", e);
  };
</script>
<script>
  console.log("Hello World);
</script>

In the above code, the syntax error in the second script tag is logged by the console.log statement in the first script tag:

Error:  Uncaught SyntaxError: Invalid or unexpected token

This helps convey to the programmer that there is a syntax error in code that should be fixed.

Syntax errors can also be minimized by paying attention to detail and making sure all expressions in code are syntactically correct.

 

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