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How to Fix TypeError: Null is Not an Object in JavaScript

How to Fix TypeError: Null is Not an Object in JavaScript
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The JavaScript error TypeError: null is not an object occurs when a property is accessed or a method is called on a null value. This specific error message is shown only on Safari. Other browsers display a different message for this error.

Error message:

TypeError: null is not an object (evaluating 'x.y') - Safari
TypeError: Cannot read properties of null (reading 'x') - Chrome
TypeError: x is null - Firefox

Error Type:

TypeError

 

What Causes TypeError: Null is Not an Object

The TypeError: null is not an object occurs when a property is read (or set) or a method is called on a null value. An object was expected in code but was not provided. Since null is not an object in JavaScript, using a null value when an object is expected does not work. A proper object must be provided in such situations.

 

TypeError: Null is Not an Object Example

Here’s an example of a TypeError: null is not an object thrown when trying to read a property of a null value:

var a = null;
console.log(a.b);

In the above code, the variable a has a null value. When the property b is attempted to be read on it, a TypeError: null is not an object is thrown:

TypeError: null is not an object (evaluating 'a.b')

 

How to Fix TypeError: Null is Not an Object

When such an error occurs, it means that a null value was provided where an object was expected. It should be ensured that the variable causing the error does not have a null value and is a proper object.

To avoid coming across situations where properties of null variables may be accessed accidentally, an if check should be added before dealing with such variables:

if (myVar !== null) {
    ...
}

Updating the previous example to include an if check:

var a = null;
if (a !== null) {
    console.log(a.b);
}

Running the above code avoids the error since the property b is only accessed if a is not null.

 

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